Definition, Pros, and Cons, Dawes Act of 1887: The Breakup of Indian Tribal Lands, A Guide to Understanding and Avoiding Cultural Appropriation. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Acculturation at Group and Individual Levels, How Acculturation Differs from Assimilation, Five Different Strategies and Outcomes of Acculturation, How Different Cultural Groups Become More Alike, What Is Multiculturalism? This type of acculturation is likely to occur in societies that are considered ", Separation. This strategy is used by those who place importance on both maintaining their original culture and on adopting the new culture — but rather than integrating two different cultures into their daily lives, those who do this create a third culture (a blend of the old and the new). 1 : cultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture the acculturation of immigrants to American life also : a merging of cultures as a result of prolonged contact. This includes the simultaneous adoption of mainstream American foods and meals by immigrant populations. Match. Though they are often used interchangeably, acculturation and assimilation are two different things. the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture Cultural Adaptation new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'acculturation.' When the process is at its most extreme, assimilation occurs wherein the original culture is wholly abandoned and the new culture adopted in its place. PLAY. Similarly, first-generation immigrants often consciously engage in the process of acculturation as they settle into their new community in order to succeed socially and economically. The outcome is that the person or group is, eventually, culturally indistinguishable from the culture into which they have assimilated. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. Acculturation can take different forms and have different outcomes, depending on the strategy adopted by the people or groups involved in the exchange of culture. While these early sociologists focused on the process of acculturation experienced by immigrants, and also by Black Americans within predominantly white society, sociologists today are more attuned to the two-way nature of cultural exchange and adoption that happens through the process of acculturation. Acculturation is often tied to political conquest or expansion, and is applied to the process of change in beliefs or traditional practices that occurs when the cultural system of one group displaces that of another. Note: People who move between social classes and the separate and different spaces they inhabit also often experience acculturation on both voluntary and required basis. Assimilation can be an eventual outcome of acculturation, but it doesn't have to be. m_jordan_nchs. Later, in the early 20th century, acculturation became a focus of American sociologists who used ethnography to study the lives of immigrants and the extent to which they integrated into U.S. society. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. “Acculturation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acculturation. Acculturation at the group level can also entail the cultural exchange of clothing and fashions, and of language. This happens when immigrant groups learn and adopt the language of their new home, or when certain phrases and words from a foreign language make their way into common usage. Send us feedback. The outcome is that the original culture is maintained while the new culture is rejected. This can occur in societies where cultural exclusion is practiced, thus making it difficult or unappealing for a culturally different person to integrate. Choose from 500 different sets of ap human geography unit 3 culture flashcards on Quizlet. Others, including Robert E. Park and Ernest W. Burgess, focused their research and theories on the outcome of this process known as assimilation. Consider, for example, how a third-generation Vietnamese American who grew up in Chicago differs culturally from a Vietnamese person living in rural Vietnam. Sometimes, leaders within a culture make a conscious decision to adopt the technologies or practices of another for reasons associated with efficiency and progress. This strategy is used when both maintaining the original culture and adapting to the new one are considered important. Learn a new word every day. The process can be quick or gradual, unfolding over the years, depending on the context and circumstances. This type of acculturation is likely to occur in culturally or, Integration. Assimilation, as a process and an outcome, is common among immigrant populations that seek to blend in with the existing fabric of society. Marginalization. This is a common strategy of acculturation and can be observed among many immigrant communities and those with a high proportion of ethnic or racial minorities. This strategy is used when little to no importance is placed on maintaining the original culture, and great importance is put on fitting in and developing relationships with the new culture. What made you want to look up acculturation? AP Human Geography. At the individual level, acculturation may involve all the same things that occur at the group level, but the motives and circumstances may differ. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! The process through which something is given monetary value; occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy. This strategy is used when little to no importance is placed on embracing the new culture, and high importance is placed on maintaining the original culture. Flashcards. Dr. Nicki Lisa Cole is a sociologist. Accessed 29 Nov. 2020. The four different combinations of answers to these questions lead to five different strategies and outcomes of acculturation. Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology, Definition of Scapegoat, Scapegoating, and Scapegoat Theory, Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, M.A., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Assimilation. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Is an Immigrant Considered First or Second Generation? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). However, acculturation is a two-way process, so those within the majority culture often adopt elements of minority cultures with which they come into contact. W.I Thomas and Florian Znaniecki examined this process with Polish immigrants in Chicago in their 1918 study "The Polish Peasant in Europe and America." Powell later defined the term as the psychological changes that occur within a person due to cultural exchange that occurs as a result of extended contact between different cultures. The result is that the original culture of the person or group remains, but it is changed by this process. Spell. It usually occurs when one society is controlled, either politically, economically, socially, or all of these, by another society.
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