Your compressor’s release time will control how it shapes the tail ends of words and … Many guys have help me on the vocal EQ end. Rap Vocal Compression Settings. Here are my go-to compression settings for vocals: Ratio: 1.5:1; Attack Time: 15ms (but up to 30ms for more punch) Release Time: 40ms; Threshold: -24dB; Gain Reduction: 2-3dB; Knee: Soft; Makeup Gain: 2dB; Remember that these settings are only a starting point. Now we want to engage the compressor by lowering the threshold. Ideal Release time for Vocals – However, there are no set rules for any of the compression parameters for vocals, you can start between 500ms to 600ms and gradually decrease the time to get it perfect. Compression is a great way to bring a vocal forward in a mix but it can also cause unappealing sonic artifacts. If your vocals are too harsh, muddy, nasal or too edgy in some parts of the vocal performance and not the entire song then a multiband will be the best option over a static EQ. Click on Effects: Compressor, and keep the settings on about: Threshold = -18db. The compression settings then depend on the effect you're trying to achieve and what else is going on in the mix. How to use Multiband Compression on Vocals Fixing Problem Frequencies. When combined with automation, compression can make your vocals sound loud, punchy, and modern. To even further enhance the vocal, I put an EQ after the compressor to boost certain frequencies which, like the compressor, get blended back in with the mildly “treated” vocal. I understand the threshhold and gain part just trying to find out what settings most people use for their vocal compression. Release Time. Compression is, simply, compressing the audio, making the loud parts and the quiet parts closer to each other in volume. Typical settings may look like this: Threshold: –8dB. How to Compress Vocals in 7 Easy Steps 1) Set the starter vocal compression settings. Getting vocals to sit in a mix in an upfront yet natural way can be difficult when first learning how to mix vocals. From there, I’m pushing the input pretty hard, aiming for as much as 10 dB of gain reduction with fast attack and release times. Thanks It takes time and practise listening to compression to learn what works and what doesn’t. How you use vocal compression really depends on the song, genre and recording quality and so it makes it impossible to give you settings that will be perfect every time. If the number is too high, the beginning syllables may come out too strong and sound a bit odd. This is the step where most people go wrong. 12:1) will compress much more aggressively than a lower setting (i.e. If the compressor has a knee setting, turn this up to make the compression more subtle; Avoid de-esser's. How... 3) … Standard compressor settings for rap vocals. Release Time = 11.1 secs. 100ms). A lot of tweaking will be needed, and sometimes you may have to use completely different settings. 5ms) will cause the compressor to fully activate much more quickly than a higher number (i.e. On vocals, I have found that they begin to sound lifeless and over-compressed when compressing more than 6dB. There are two ways to set up your session to use parallel compression on the … How To Adjust Threshold and Ratio of Compressor for Vocals? Ratio: 1.5:1–2:1 Noise Floor = -40db. Opto compressors, such as the Universal Audio LA-2A, are popular for treating vocals, drums, and bass guitars in pop and rock music, where a larger than life sound is desired. Find the setting you like best and then back off half of a decibel or a full decibel. The attack setting on a compressor decides how much time it takes for the compressor to compress at full force. Before I learned how to do it, compression seemed like some dark magic that the mixing engineer performed. However, compressing is an art and there is no hard and fast rule to apply the same settings on your vocals. What is a great ratio and attack setting for rap and r&b vocals. Opto compressors tend to color a signal more, and are therefore used for effect. When you EQ other instruments in the mix, this is a good candidate to slightly cut out of other instruments like rhythm guitar or keyboard / synthesizer. The most common use for a multiband compressor is to remove problem frequencies. Starting Settings: Start at 5 kHz. Compression ratios for rock and metal vocals are usually right down the center as far as amount, with 4:1 – 6:1 being my starting point. What does compressing the audio do? Over-compression is a common problem. But get compression wrong, and you can quickly ruin your hard work. A higher setting (i.e. A good compression setting has a fast attack to catch the stray transient, a quick release so that the compression doesn’t color the sound of the singer, and a low ratio so that when the compressor does go on, it smoothes out the vocals without squashing them. Attack Time = 1.81 secs. Ratio = 2.5:1. We want these vocals to sound aggressive & energetic. Now I have a compression setting question. Ratio. Below I provide some settings you can start with, but ultimately you... 2) Lower the Threshold & Watch the Gain Reduction. 3:1). So, a lower number (i.e. Threshold: –5dB; Ratio: 4:1; Attack: <60 ms; Release: About 40 ms; Gain: Add 2dB to allow the compressor to color and thicken the overall sound; You can learn more about mixing rap vocals in general from this helpful article at Pro Audio Files. These are great for sung vocals, but sound unnatural on spoken word recordings By using Parallel Compression it allows me to give the vocal the size and weight that I need to get it to really poke its head out in front of the mix. Other Vocal Styles The Basic Purpose of Compression on Vocals Compression is such a mystery to many artists. First set up the ratio 3:1 or 2:1. The release setting on a compressor decides how much time it takes for the compressor to stop c… One of the most effective tools at your disposal for crafting consistent vocals is compression. The ratio setting on a compressor decides how aggressive the compressor will respond. It will make more room for the vocals and keep them intelligible. The number game starts now… Assuming your compressor plugin doesn’t have any rap vocal preset hare we will create our own preset by changing the parameters of the compressor. Send or Duplicate? This is a form of compression that reduces that harshness of sibilant S sounds in the voice. For vocals, you generally want this number to be low (between 5ms and 20ms).
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