Shops are over-run with unwanted specimens. Temperature 24/26°C or 75/79°F, pH 6.5/7 and very low light. There are many variations of this pretty little soft-water loving fish. You will then use a river sand substrate, driftwood roots or twisted branches. The owner told me that they ate insects and flies that landed on the water – and very well they looked, too. No tank is complete without some bottom and nocturnal feeders. If the tank has a balance of surface, mid-water and bottom feeders, it shouldn’t be a problem to be generous at feeding time. Because of agricultural and industrial pollution, Lake Valencia is subject to regular algae blooms which tend to isolate the Diamond Tetra in shallow, vegetated parts of the lake and in several of its slow moving tributaries. Many to choose from. Inappropriately referred to as a “Poor man’s Cardinal”, the Neon is completely at home with Discus. Due to its rounded shape and adult size it can also be used as a dither for non-aggressive, medium-sized cichlids such as discus or Geophagus species. Whatever fish you decide to keep with your Discus, they will benefit from the extra attention. What kind of behavior does the Diamond tetra have? If, however, you are not keeping small fish and are happy to give Angels a go, then choose tank-bred specimens over wild fish as this lessens the potential for importing parasites. Without a doubt a pretty fish and, as with all small tetras, kept in a large shoal for best visual effect. There are, of course, many different species of tropical fish that will happily live in our water conditions, but if you want to create an aquarium based around a fish from South America, and the Amazon in particular, then it is best to choose fish from the same river systems or lakes. The choice of Corydoras is very long. In general, the lighting of an Amazonian aquarium is relatively weak. 7 Easy Care Aquarium Plants for the Begginer Freshwater Aquarist, Keeping Aquatic Moss in the Freshwater Aquarium, Freshwater Aquascaping Techniques for Beginners, White Cloud Mountain Minnows Fish – Keeping and Breeding, 5 Reasons Why Artificial Plants Are Better Than Live Plants. The ideal is to associate it with other Characidae. Each male defends its place by delimiting a small territory that it jealously defends by surprising parries of intimidation. At 30ºC / 86ºF, this will make it impossible for many common ailments such as white spot to reproduce, thus creating a healthier environment. You can also combine large cichlids such as Discus and Geophagus, or ground-fish such as small Loricariidae. Alternative species (click on the thumbnail to see the card), Scientific nameMoenkhausia pittieriOpisthanodus haerteli, The fins of the males are more developed, the dorsal is lengthened in sickle, T°: 24 à 27°C or 75 to 81°FpH: 5.5 to 7Hardness: 3 to 10°dGH. However, one or two of them with “flatter” bodies such as Bleeding hearts, Serpea and, needless to say, piranhas, are to be avoided. The complete spawning can have up to 300 yellowish eggs and the incubation lasts 30 hours. Avoid anything that grows large or is naturally aggressive such as Parrot cichlids, Jack Dempsey, Firemouths, Severums and Oscars. A large shoal of these fish is a delight to behold. Most tetras are great with Discus. For example, cohabitation with long-finned fish is to be avoided. A weekly 25% water change should be considered a minimum, and you may need to change much more water than this. Fry are fearful and grow slowly. A community aquarium is accepted, but the Diamond Tetra can sometimes be slightly aggressive with other species (especially that the adult male can reach a good size). ++Read our guide on keeping Brown Discus here. In any mixed community, some fish will be aggressive feeders and others shy. Place in a spawning tank (20 L or 5 US Gallons or 4 Imperial Gallons) equipped with a protective grid and bushy plants, a male and a female. What rules Angels out of a community tank with small fish is that the small fish end up as dinner. Daily checks: Monitor temperature and water conditions, remove uneaten food and any dead fish and detritus. With a few exceptions, most compatible species will hail from that part of the world. As with many tetras, you can breed this species with some knowledge. A little aggressive towards other Tiger plecs, so best kept individually. Juvenile, it will appear dull and bland, while in good conditions, it will reveal all its splendour in adulthood, sparkling like a diamond. The Diamond Tetra (Moenkhausia pittieri) is found only in Venequela’s Lake Valencia and the surrounding waters. Corydoras are busy little catfish and best kept in shoal of at least three. Temperature:The higher-than-normal water temperature stimulates a fish’s metabolism, so it will eat more and grow to its full potential. Whatever fish you decide to keep with your Discus, they will benefit from the extra attention. Omnivorous, the Diamond Tetra accepts all forms of food. However, it is best to avoid South African species and any large and/or naturally aggressive fish. In warm, neutral, water and with the benefit of the Discus’ high protein diet, the Cardinals will grow to around 4cm/11/2″. It is quite sensitive to variations in water parameters. Fry food: infusoria, nauplies of artemia and cyclops. If in doubt, leave it out. Common plecos, Liposarcus multiradiatus, and Sailfin plecos, Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps will grow rather large in this type of set-up, so are best considered only if you have a large tank. Indeed, if it is kept in too small numbers, the Diamond Tetra shows its aggressiveness on the wing species. It is relatively insensitive with its decor, although it will not be very comfortable in an aquarium too «naked». I occasionally hear tales of Discus attacking Neons, but this is the exception rather than the rule. Nocturnal, shy, dwarf plec that is rarely seen in an aquarium, but does an invaluable job after dark by eating any left-over food and grazing on algae. Clown loaches, Chromobotia macracantha, are attractive fish and thrive in Discus-friendly water conditions. Mixing Discus and Angels is a subject that has split the Discus community on many an occasion. They will take frozen, dry and tablet foods. When it comes to choosing fish, it is the temperature range that will be the most limiting factor. All make good tankmates for Discus. Good quality Cardinals are not cheap, but most retailers will help you with large orders. It is also preferable that the water is filtered through activated carbon or subject to a carbon block tapwater filter before being added to the aquarium. Then there are those who will add some Discus to an already established aquarium. Required fields are marked *. Aim for a pH of 7, GH of 10-14, KH 6-8, the conductivity of between 400 and 800ms, and a temperature of 28-30ºC (82 ºF-86ºF). Most commonly available are the Bronze, albino and Peppered. It will nibble gladly (but slightly) some tender young shoots of your plants. It is essential to make sure all the fish get their share. Like all species of the genus, it possesses a gregarious instinct and must necessarily be kept in a shoal. You can favour a dark substrate, a peat filtration and a diffused light. These fish stay around 10cm/4″ and will work tirelessly to rid the tank of algae. This behavior will tend to fade into larger groups as the disputes remain internal to the species. Discus keepers fall broadly into two categories. Keep three individuals per 50L of water. At 30ºC / 86ºF, this will make it impossible for many common ailments such as white spot to reproduce, thus creating … Some dried leaves of oak or beech will strengthen the natural side (remember to renew these leaves before they rot). I have seen Swords, Guppies and Mollies with Discus, but we have to draw the line somewhere. Your email address will not be published. Fascinating, intelligent tropical fish. Those against will cite cross-infection of parasites, particularly internal ones. Discus requires a little more care and husbandry than most bread-and-butter tropical fish. Discus requires a little more care and husbandry than most bread-and-butter tropical fish. Plecs get a bad press with Discus as occasionally, the larger species may try to attach itself to the side of a Discus. It is advisable to keep a range of basic medications handy, as well as a spare heater and filtration material. If space allows, it is prudent to have an isolation tank, not just to quarantine new purchases, but to also incarcerate any badly-behaved occupants – even with the most meticulous planning and research, livestock can be unpredictable! The ideal is to associate it with other Characidae. For the best effect, add as many to the tank as you can afford and safely keep. A little bland in comparison to the Cardinals and Neons, but nonetheless not out of place. Think about choosing fairly robust plant species. I don’t have a problem with Discus and Clown loaches, but I have put them in “controversial” because they can grow quite big, which is not ideal. Temperament quite lively and active. Water quality: All fish will reap enormous benefit from regular partial water changes with good quality water.