On the European highbush, the petiolar glands are located in the same area; however, they have concave tops with flat or sunken in tops. Department of Natural and Cultural Resources Spacing for hedges and borders 4' apart, singular spacing 10' apart, Red berries eaten by grouse, turkey, deer and numerous songbirds, plant browsed by deer, rabbits and mice, Abundant, red berries retained through winter. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. They are located right where the leaf blade and petiole meet. The petiolar glands on the (American) highbush cranberry have convex tops and these are not flat or sunken in. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. Click here for a pdf of the Spring 2020 catalog. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. European Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. There is no email distribution list for the catalog. Thank you for your support of our program. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Division of Forest and Lands americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. Other: berries tart, but edible, extract of bark used medicinally. The American highbush cranberry is native to the northern United States and the southern third or so of Canada, where it is found growing along streams and ponds, in river bottom forests, in hardwood swamps, and … Non-native plant species are offered as alternative choices because of their benefit to wildlife and for their utility uses such as erosion control and site reclamation. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. European Highbush Cranberry. The European cranberry bush and the native highbush are very hard to tell apart. This page will be updated in Spring 2021. Please download a copy of the catalog as there are a limited number of hard copy catalogs available due to high demand for them. NH State Forest Nursery | Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark The leaf buds are green. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. We have the best tree and shrub seedlings - not imported, not replanted - but grown from seed right here in NH. The European highbush cranberry is most common in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada, where it persists as an escaped ornamental shrub in towns and around farms. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Only available in the Winter Survival Package. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. The SEEDLING ORDER FORM is available to download by double clicking on the ordering link at the top of the page. You may email us or give us a call at 603.271.2214 to receive a catalog or be placed on the mailing list. , The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.. Mature height: 12 to 15'. 172 Pembroke Road, Concord, NH 03301 Spring 2020 Seedling Sales have ended. See link to order form below. Learn More. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. It has three- to five-lobed, maplelike leaves and round heads of white flowers that are followed by hanging clusters of… (603) 796-2323 | fax: (603) 271-6488, Click here for a pdf of the Spring 2020 catalog. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. The bud scales are valvate.  It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. The European cranberry, highbush cranberry, or water elder (V. opulus), a small tree reaching 4 metres (13 feet), is native to northern Europe and North Africa. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed.
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