Like in English, to make a plural form from a Russian noun you need to modify its ending. стена́ – сте́ны (walls) Examples: нож – ножи́ (knives) ключ – ключи́ (keys) семья́ • (semʹjá) f inan (genitive семьи́, nominative plural се́мьи, genitive plural семе́й, related adjective семе́йный, diminutive семе́йка) family Synonym: семе́йство (seméjstvo) Declension Russian course for beginners. – if the word ends in Ш/Щ/Ж/Ч/Ц + Е – replace -Е with А, They don’t need to think about what vowel is in the end of the words to change it accordingly. Russian Plural. со́лнце – со́лнца (suns), голова́ – го́ловы (heads) For the words of any gender ending in К, Г, Х, Ш, Щ, Ж, Ч, Ь, Й or one of these letters + a vowel or Ь (soft sign) => drop off the last vowel or Ь and add И. нож – ножи́ (knives) Learn Russian nouns in plural from our series "Russian Word of the Day". For the masculine nouns ending in a consonant => add Ы: нос – носы́ (noses) In this case, it would be okay to say that "My family is all doctors", because you're talking about your one family.. рука́ – ру́ки (hands) Top 10 loved by Russians songs from the Soviet movies. семья́ • (semʹjá) f inan (genitive семьи́, nominative plural се́мьи, genitive plural семе́й, related adjective семе́йный, diminutive семе́йка), Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=семья&oldid=60964128, Russian terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱey-, Russian terms inherited from Old East Slavic, Russian terms derived from Old East Slavic, Russian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic, Russian vowel-stem feminine-form accent-d nouns, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. пода́рок – пода́рки (presents / gifts, m.) To form the plural of an English noun, in most cases, we only have to add an -s (house ⇒ houses). He was from a good family, son of a big lawyer. оте́ц – отцы́ (fathers, m.). First let’s figure out how to make family names plural. In this lesson, we will learn how to make Russian nouns plural in the Nominative case. Your email address will not be published. ста́нция – ста́нции (station) Family is a singular collective noun. Learn Russian nouns in plural from our series "Russian Word of the Day". In spoken language Russians just pronounce the words as they are used to do. Russian language belongs to the Indo-European language family. Here are some of them: челове́к – лю́ди For example: ''There are two new families living in my neighborhood.'' Genitive Plural is the thirty-seventh (assuming read left to right) skill in the language tree for Russian. plural translate: множественное число . Unstressed o/a and ye/ya at the end of a word seems very similar. I guess I’m asking if there is an audible difference between зда́ние – зда́ния when spoken at a normal speed or between de’lo and de’la. In this lesson we are talking about the Russian plurals. In Russian grammar, the system of declension is elaborate and complex.Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). Learning the Russian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Required fields are marked *, Learn Russian Step by Step © Copyright 2011-2020 Learn Russian grammar and vocabulary. They both sound the same. Learning the Russian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Hard-stem masculine and neuter adjectives take the ending -ОГО.Soft-stem (those ending in -НИЙ) and those undergoing the 5 Letter Spelling Rule (whenever there is a grammatical need to put О after Ж, Ш, Ч, Щ, and Ц in an unstressed position, you have to put Е instead) take the ending -ЕГО.The -ОГО and -ЕГО endings are pronounced as [-ово] and [-ево] ночь – но́чи (nights) But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Russian. These words need to be memorized. This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:53. So let’s see how it works: Apart from some exceptions, all plural nouns in Russian take one of four possible endings: -И, -Ы, -А or -Я.
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