The loss of Hormuz by the Portuguese in 1622 marked the entry of the Dutch and the English to the Middle Eastern markets. Disclaimer: You are using Google Translate. This newly founded federal state became officially known as Dawlat Al Imarat Al Arabiyya Al Muttahida or the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Sea trade prospered between the Gulf region and other areas in South East Asia and West Africa coast, and ships craftsmanship spread in the region. By 1560, they reached the height of their maritime power and established a semi-monopoly of the pepper and spice trade. The agreement stipulated that the purpose of the federation was: It further laid down that the Supreme Council would be responsible for issuing the necessary federal laws and that it would be the supreme authority in deciding on issues of reference, and shall take its decisions by a unanimous vote. However, the Portuguese power started collapsing throughout the 17th century. On 2 December 1971, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was declared as an independent, sovereign and federal state. Some pottery remains almost greenish-yellow, with black, geometric decoration were uncovered in Al Jazeerah Al Hamra in Ras Al Khaimah, in Hamriyah in Sharjah and in Al Madar site in Umm Al Quwain. The Unite… The Islamic civilisation flourished in the Gulf region during the Umayyad Caliphate AD661 to 750 and Abbasid Caliphate AD750 to 1258. They depended on hunting, fishing, agriculture and animal grazing. By learning about its past, however, we can fully appreciate its current development, and look forward to the city’s future. In 1892, they entered into Exclusive Agreements with the Trucial States by virtue of which the Trucial States could neither dispose any of their territories except to the United Kingdom nor enter into relationships with any foreign government without the consent of the United Kingdom. The area's history can be traced back to 6000 B.C. Envoys from Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) arrived in the UAE in A.D. 630 and introduced Islam. They all belonged to small farming villages on the terraces of the wadis. By the 17th century, the Dutch had become the dominant naval power in the Indian Ocean and Arabian Gulf. He described the Arabian Gulf's coast from Qatar to Ras Al Khaimah and mentioned the Portuguese fortress at Kalba. Not long ago, the UAE was a land of desert inhabited by proud and resourceful nomadic Bedouin tribes, fishing villages and date farms. By 1515, they fought their way into the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Oman and established themselves there by force of arms. Several European countries arrived in the Arabian Peninsula; some to explore and others to seek control of the coasts. In early 1968, the British declared their intention to withdraw from the Gulf by the end of 1971. Some pottery remains almost greenish-yellow, with black, geometric decoration were uncovered in Al Jazeerah Al Hamra in Ras Al Khaimah, in Hamriyah in Sharjah and in Al Madar site in Umm Al Quwain. It further provided that the appointment and discharge of the Commander in Chief of these forces and the Chief of the General Staff shall be by a Federal decree and that the Federation may have Federal Security Forces. The archaeological finds show the emergence of the first use of falaj irrigation systems that enabled the extraction of groundwater for continuous cultivation in the dry climate. As a result, in the 1950s, the British became involved in marking off the boundaries to ensure the security needs of the oil companies that were exploring in the interior of the Trucial States. The Portuguese were amongst the first Europeans to arrive on the Arabian Peninsula. However, regular warfare at sea between Arab tribes was prevalent. When using the flag, the red stripe is closest to the pole and the green on top. After that, Europeans started to have ambitions in the gulf and sea routes, which lead to commercial areas in South East Asia. maintain the UAE’s independence and sovereignty, protect security and stability for the Federation and member states, defend any aggression upon its existence or the existence of its member states, protect the rights and freedom of the people of the Federation, achieve close cooperation between the emirates for the common benefit of the Federation, promote the prosperity and progress of the Federation, respect the independence and sovereignty of the other emirates in their internal affairs within the framework of this Constitution, On 2 December 1971, the UAE joined the Arab League and was the eighteenth member then, On 9 December 1971, the United Nations Security Council admitted the UAE’s membership, In 1981, the UAE co-founded the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) along with Kingdom of Bahrain, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, State of Kuwait, State of Qatar and Sultanate of Oman, In 1972, it became a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, The Historical Background and Constitutional Basis to the Federation, The Beginning of the Post-Imperial Era for the Trucial States from World War I to the 1960s, Pictures for the Paleolithic Age sourced from, Picture for the Iron Ages from Ruler’s Representative court – Al Ain Region, Pictures for the foundation of the UAE from. By 1820, the British defeated the Qawasims. The UAE’s rich history is rooted in trade and tied to Islam, which came to the region in AD 630. H. H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the then Ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi acted rapidly to establish closer ties with the emirates. Amongst other reasons for these, was the prospect of discovering oil. - 300 B.C.). The civilisation of the United Arab Emirates since the prehistoric ages, – the official portal of Abu Dhabi Government, – the official portal of tourism in Dubai, The Coming of Islam and the Islamic Period in the UAE', to cement ties between the members in all fields, to coordinate plans for their development and prosperity, to reinforce the respect of each one of them for the independence and sovereignty of the others, to unify their foreign policies and representation, and its higher policy in international, political, defence, economic, cultural and other matters.
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