The private schools will be reimbursed by the government on the basis of per-child expenditure. • Provide for comprehensive and continuous evaluation. It trains the child to be a good citizen, develops civic sense and cultivates in him the values of participatory democracy. The RIGHT TO EDUCATION (RTE) ACT, consist of the following measures-Every child has the fundamental right to free and compulsory education. A full-time Head Teacher is recommended for a school with more than 100 students. Hence the major propositions evolved through this decision are as follows. It includes availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability. It recommended free and compulsory education for eight years in the six to fourteen age groups. The curriculum and the evaluation procedure for elementary education shall be laid down by the academic authority to be specified by the appropriate Government. This step would result in the increase in transparency as well as accountability. This eventually results in increase in the number of classrooms as well as teachers. 1. While Article 45 envisages right to education to all children under 14 years, the Amendment Act restricts it to an age group between 6-14 years. The Committee to review the National Policy on Education, Ramamurti Committee in its report titled ‘Towards an Enlightened and Humane Society –NPE, 1986,- A Review’ criticized the government for its continued failure since independence to fulfill the Constitutional directive: “ The time has come to recognize ‘Right to Education’ as one of the fundamental rights of the Indian citizens for which necessary amendments to the constitutions may have to be made and more importantly, conditions be created in society such that this right would become available for all children of India.” This was the first official recommendation towards inclusion of a fundamental right to education. The Act strictly provides that for the purpose of maintaining such ratio, no teacher posted in one school shall be made to serve in any other school or office or deployed for any non-educational purpose. Special training to enable such children to be at par with others, Child so admitted entitled to completion of EE even after age 14. As Gajendragadkar, J. has rightly pointed out in University of Delhi v. Ram Nath , education seeks to build up the personality of the pupil by assisting his physical, intellectual, moral and emotional development. The pupil – teacher ratio which is normally set as 30:1 and for schools with students exceeding two hundred, the same shall not exceed 40:1. J. P v. State of Andhra Pradesh. At least now the state must honour the command of Article 45 and make it a right.”The right to education was accorded the status of fundamental right in the above said decision. There should be one specialised teacher each for teaching (i) Science & Mathematics (ii) Social Sciences and (iii) Languages. This percentage shall be determined from time to time in consultation with the States. Right of Children to free and compulsory admission, attendance and completion of EE. The issue of insufficient funds was raised by the state governments. • Examine and review safeguards for rights under this Act, recommend measures for effective implementation. • The admission criteria are to be as a whole or separate for each neighbourhood schools is to be addressed. 2. 2. I propose to take you through the main issues ... Salient Features 1. On the other hand, the bringing up of new schools in addition to the raising of standards of existing schools would save the situation to a greater extent. Education has enumerable benefits. The Supreme Court in this case held that The Constitution (Ninety-Third Amendment) Act, 2005 does not violate the “basic structure” of the Constitution so far as it relates to the state maintained institutions and aided educational institutions. It was held that “there cannot be any distinction between the fundamental rights mentioned Chapter III of the Constitution and the declaration of such rights on the basis of judgements rendered by this court.”. The Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister, Mr. Kapil Sibal, is said to have admitted that the shortage of trained teachers is a big challenge. The right to life under Article 21 and the dignity of individual cannot be assured unless it is accompanied by the right to education. © 2018 Snehadhara Foundation | Hosted on Microsoft Azure Cloud | Designed and Managed by. This indeed was instituted with a good objective, but has in effect put the parents in burden especially poor parents. Education is indispensable to live a dignified life. When meritorious students of the day go behind professional courses and campus placements to foreign or international companies, the teaching profession is neglected. The statistical surveys suggest that high literacy rate is corollary to high sex ratio. The present status of teachers reminds us of the famous quote of George Bernard Shaw, “Those who can does, those who cannot teaches” given by him under the title ‘Maxim for Revolutionists’ in his renowned play ‘Man and Superman’,1903. The RTE Act makes it a duty of the appropriate Government and the local authorities to ensure that the child belonging to weaker section and child belonging to the disadvantaged group are not discriminated against and prevented from pursuing education on any grounds. 1. The problem of insufficiency of schools cannot be meted out by closure of schools. Curriculum by prescribed academic authority should: • Make child free from fear, trauma and anxiety. It is time for us to classify our basic necessities as four: Food, shelter, clothing and education. Special training provision for a child of above six years not been admitted to any school or, unable to continue studies, to bring him par with his class and to be admitted in an age appropriate class. RIGHTTO EDUCATION ACT - 2009 2. Functioning educational institutions have to be available in sufficient quantity, including school buildings, trained teachers and teaching materials. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), 1989 recognizes the right to education. • Central Government shall provide to the State Governments a percentage of the expenditure as GIA of revenues. But the anomaly here is that 33% of the Indian schools are single teacher schools and 50% of the schools are in fact schools only for the namesake. This is an answer to the dilemma put out by the University Education Commission (1948-49) which had Dr. Radhakrishnan as its chairperson.
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