It is declined as an ein-word. She has a teaching degree and an M.A. Auf geht’s! English Translation of “Negation” | The official Collins German-English Dictionary online. Finally, we have reached the last part of this article where you can prove the German skills you have just learned. Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. Finally, I’d like to mention that “nicht” almost always come before the word it negates. Therefore they can not be interchanged. ... Declination. Furthermore, the position of “nicht” in a phrase can vary, depending on what part we want to negate or emphasize. This article takes a deeper look at some German negation words. They have two separate meanings: Nicht (adv.) This will never happen.No worries really, if feeling a little dazed after reading that, because the good news is that these other negation words follow the same rules as other words of their grammatical type, with hardly any exceptions. Furthermore, we will talk about the correct usage of German negation and its different negation phrases. Even though many German students have their problems with this topic, you should not panic! Negation in German In their book Die Negation, Helbig and Ricken describe two forms of negation in German: 1) sentence negation and 2) special negation. Both ways are acceptable. First, you can use “nicht” in the German negation at the end of a sentence with, Second, “nicht” is put before the definite article or. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). Once you have filled all the gaps, just click on the “correct” button and you can see your errors and the correct results. Ja ich komme nach Hause. So, in this section we will talk about the correct usage of the negation word “nicht”. Well, you simply will not get confused in case you want to combine these words with “sondern”: Both of them are valid. > Other German exercises on the same topic: Negation [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Negative form - Negation - Negation-Keine declension - Negation (kein / nicht) - Negative (nicht and kein) - Negation (kein-nicht) - Negation (nicht / kein) - Nicht/kein > Double-click on words you don't understand Well, this part of the text about German negation is about the correct usage of the word “kein”. Well, this point is nothing to worry about – but still worth mentioning it. Here’s the breakdown: It is important to know the opposites of German negation words, so as to know how to reply to questions involving such words. German Negation. Consider the following over-the-top use of negation: Wenn niemand niemals nirgendswo hingeht, dann kann keiner niemanden treffen, nicht wahr? In the exercises, you can practise what you have learnt. So, as you have clicked on this page of language-easy.org, I suppose that you are ready to enter this depth of German grammar. Negating the present tense One way of making a sentence negative in German is to add the word nicht (not) to the sentence. So, as “nicht”, we also use “kein” in the negation of a sentence. > Other German exercises on the same topic: Negation [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Negative form - Negation -nicht and kein - Negation - Negation-Keine declension - Negation (kein / nicht) - Negative (nicht and kein) - Negation (kein-nicht) - Nicht/kein > Double-click on words you don't understand -> not; nichts (pron. Nicht and kein are forms of negation, but nicht means not and kein means no, not a, or not any. On the other hand niemand is declinable, but increasingly not declined. Examples of German Negation With Kein. As you can easily see, all of them are translated with “no” in English and therefore it might be … ... Ich will mit niemanden spielen. Learn the translation for ‘negation’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. The German negation or negatives sentences are formed with the word “nicht” (not) and “kein” (no/none). So, please try to keep in mind the following ‘definition’. So, in the following table I’d like to show you the ending for “kein”. The tricky part is understanding when to use nicht and when to use kein and where to put them in a sentence. Hopefully, you will never think or say that. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. Answering questions with negation: "Doch" and "Nein" Questions are often asked in German with negation. Although, there are some parts that do not exist in this form in the English language – and these are the parts where you simply have to study hard. No, I don’t have a pen. At the end I want you show a small exclusion of saying yes. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. In the following, we will have a look at the more complicated part of German negation and try the clear up when to use “kein” or “nicht” in a German sentence. You use negations to form negative sentences in the German language. Well, the German negation is actually not too complicated. German Negation. No worries! Negation or negative sentences in German grammar are formed with the words nicht (not) and kein (no/none). Although sentences in German can be negated through verb phrase negation with the adverb nicht, German prefers that sentences be negated through the use of the negative indefinite article kein.The indefinite article kein can be used anywhere the other German articles are used. Also, you can practice your knowledge with the free worksheet. Niemand hat mich heute gesehen. A basic discussion of negation focused on the difference between nicht and kein, when to use nicht with sondern and when kein with sondern is more appropriate. So, what is the German negation? Seventh and last, you can put “nicht” before the prepositions with indicators of place, time and manner in a German negation. Negation – … Well, as already mentioned, we should clear up what the German negation actually is. German is a godsend in it use of ‘kein’ and its various forms. (He never called me, he always visited me.) Now, as we have cleared up nearly everything about the words “nicht” and “kein” in the context of German negation, I’d like to mention a last short point. In the following you will see some phrases that you should complete with the correct terms. Well, you simply use the word “nicht” to negate sentences in German. Normally you allways answer yes in German with “ja”. Second, “kein” is used as a replacement for an indefinite article. Kommst du heute nach Hause? Negation - Exercises. Learning the German Negation displayed below is vital to the language. Our online exercises for German help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. I have the basics down, but phrasal verbs that are perceived as a unit in German, like Auto fahren, always make me unsure. Kein is used to negate nouns that either have no articles or are preceded by the indefinite article. Otherwise, these negation words are often placed at or near the end of the sentence: To emphasize the negation, the negation adverb can be placed at the front of the sentence: Nichts is an undeclinable pronoun. Beyond these preliminary concepts, there are more words that express negation in German. Negation in German In German, we have three possibilities to express negation. According to the Duden, it is now correct to also leave the word niemand undeclined. Some words such as niemand can have several opposite negation words (jemand meaning somebody or irgendjemand/ irgendwer meaning anybody) each one changing slightly the meaning of the sentence. Die Negation im Deutschen – Erklärungen und Beispiele. You will always find a lot of jokes and play on words with these and... Word Placement Rules. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. Of course, German is a beautiful language, and it is the entrance the to a whole new world full of new people and culture. Over 100,000 English translations of German words and phrases. in German studies. Third, and very similar to the second point, in front of names or proper nouns. You will often hear and read many related words and substitutes for nirgendwo. You use “nicht” for negation in the following circumstances: “Nein, ich will kein Deutsch mehr lernen!”. Ja ich habe eine gute Note. To express the English “no”, we either use “nein” (no), “nicht” (no) and “kein/e” (no). Learn about the word order of negative sentences in German and when to use nicht or kein. Well, the only exception is when it negates a verb. Online exercises to improve your German. )-> nothing. Kein precedes the nouns in sentences. Keine Sorgen! Third, and very similar to the second point, in front of names or proper nouns. negation in German; Comment: Can anyone provide a link to a site that has a good explanation, particularly with examples, of how to negate tricky (from an English perspective) sentences in German? Hast du keinen Kuli? Video of class lecture slides introducing negation in German (with "nicht" and "kein-"). In the following, I’d like to list the most common ways of using “nicht” in the correct way. Here are some examples: The word order of this negated sentence allows for a contrasting negation with sondern: Er hat mich nie angerufen, sondern immer besucht. Doch, ich habe drei. Even people who don't study German know that Nein means no in German.