There should be a process by which additional certification or licensure for the school nurse is established by the appropriate state board. 2003. One in five young people between the ages of 4 and 17 years experiences symptoms of minor to severe mental/behavioral health problems. You will be redirected to aap.org to login or to create your account. School attendance is essential for academic success. Issue Student health and learning Brief. The first school nurse, Lina Rogers, was appointed in 1902 to tend to the health of 8671 students in 4 separate schools in New York City. This role may encompass updates on new AAP recommendations and research findings that would keep the school nurse's practice as aligned as possible with current AAP policy. Pediatricians can establish a working relationship with school nurses to improve chronic condition management. Federal laws protecting children and youth with disabilities in the schools. Without a school nurse, unlicensed personnel who are uncertain what to do medically are at risk of sending children home from school or to the emergency department needlessly.37, The presence of a coordinated school health program, often led by school nurses, contributes to both educational achievement and the educational system.38 School nurses can provide key leadership in all the components of the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model.39 Direct health services provided by a school nurse are linked to positive academic achievement. Families face multiple barriers to adequate health care, including accessibility, availability, and affordability. The school nurse also participates in implementation of a plan for prevention and management of school violence, bullying, disasters, and terrorism events. Increasing numbers of students enter schools with chronic health conditions that require management during the school day. The school nurse provides leadership for the provision of health services13 As the health care expert within the school, the school nurse assesses the overall system of care and develops a plan for ensuring that health needs are met. School nurses also promote health in local school health councils. Working closely with parents, school staff, and community pediatricians, school nurses are well positioned to help contain costs. The team may also include a school physician, licensed practical nurses, health aides and clerical staff, school counselors, school psychologists, school social workers, and substance abuse counselors. Position Statement: Education, Licensure, and Certification of School Nurses, Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health, Pediatrician Guidance in Supporting Families of Children Who Are Adopted, Fostered, or in Kinship Care, Evaluation and Management of the Infant Exposed to HIV in the United States, Routine Neuroimaging of the Preterm Brain, Follow American Academy of Pediatrics on Instagram, Visit American Academy of Pediatrics on Facebook, Follow American Academy of Pediatrics on Twitter, Follow American Academy of Pediatrics on Youtube, www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/PromisingPractices/pdfs/PromisingPractices.pdf, www.aasa.org/publications/saarticledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=3138&snItemNumber=950&tnItemNumber=951, PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION FOR SCHOOL NURSES, Copyright © 2008 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Exemptions to school immunization requirements: the role of school-level requirements, policies, and procedures. Schools and school nurses can partner with medical homes and public health agencies to increase access to or to deliver vaccines. The impact of social determinants of health are felt in the school setting and well known to school nurses.2,3 School nursing is a specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success, and lifelong achievement and health of students.
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