thai watercress plant

It can also be used in wraps, sandwiches and sushi rolls or steamed with other vegetables or likewise prepared as a watercress soup. There are many toxic wild plants and it is Perennial. Watercress is an aquatic leafy green vegetable that grows wild in shallow waterways, ponds, streams and natural springs. This cultivated microgreen variety is produced from the seeds and grown as a vertical sprout on mats or soil mediums; they are often sold like alfalfa sprouts in small containers as well as large flats. best to err on the side of caution, always positively identifying any Used as a common leafy green in the UK for centuries, it is also famed to have been one of the favorite wild medicinals used by Hippocrates, deemed "father of modern medicine." In the journal "Anticancer Research" results demonstrated "that PEITC might exhibit anticancer activity and become a potent agent for human prostate cancer cells in the future. By using this website ( you agree to the Privacy Policy, Disclaimer and Affiliate Disclosure. Sow the seeds 1/4 inch (6.3 mm) deep and roughly 1/2 inch (12.6 mm) apart, and cover with a thin layer of fine gardening soil. flowering phase (mid-late spring), when the leaves are a robust Watercress plants often form bushy colonies and root freely from the stems. Water-loving plants adapted to submerged life contain large air-filled cells; a similar tactic to estuary plants. It is also, like other edibles, distinguishable by the flower and leaf shape. Specific scientific research on the plant's compound PEITC, phenylethyl shielding effects against radiation and excessive UV light exposure. The leaves grow alternately with about 7 or more leaves growing on a short stem branching off a main center stalk. PEITC has been reported as a potential anticancer agent in earlier research and was identified to inhibit cell growth and induction of apoptosis in many cancer cell lines such as prostate, colon, brain and breast cancers. It is now well-studied as an important source of isothiocyanates, like to a reduced risk of cancer via decreased damage to DNA and possible Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Once in a while, prune plants back to about 4 inches tall to encourage full, bushy plants. an herbal remedy for the treatment of scurvy, arthritis, gout and Leaves and stems are also claimed to contain ample amounts of dietary iodine compared to other leafy green vegetables. Remember that stems and flowers, in addition to the leaves, are Popular varieties include English Watercress … Watercress can be used in small amounts when preparing green juices or green smoothies. Watercress is perennial plant with hollow stems and small heart-shaped leaves. Cress sprouts, or "pepper grass", are usually not propagated from the Nasturtium officianale species but from others like Lepidium sativum and Barbarea verna. flavor. Prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden soil with 4-6 inches (10-15 cm.) Like many plants in the mustard family, the leaves become beta-carotene, zeaxanthin and lutein, which may help to lower risk of eye diseases Watercress thrives in cool flowing streams, where it grows submerged, floating on the water, or spread over mud surfaces. Watercress, (Nasturtium officinale), also called cress, perennial aquatic plant of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), native to Eurasia and naturalized throughout North America. with the root attached, the plant can be transplanted into residential published in the American Journal of Nutrition in 2007 states that, "The Sulforaphane glucosinolates are the most well-known compound present in broccoli sprouts, but are also likewise found in the leaves of watercress in fairly high quantities. Corrections? Different sections of a wild watercress patch can mature faster with some leafy stems emerging above other smaller growth. It is often cultivated in tanks or moist soil for its edible young shoots and delicate peppery-flavoured leaves, which are rich in vitamin C. The garden ornamental nasturtium (genus Tropaeolum) is not closely related to watercress. Evidence suggests that watercress may lower cancer risk by providing chemopreventive activity, counteracting certain processes by which cancer cells proliferate and metastasize. This information and content has not been evaluated by the FDA and is absolutely not intended to cure or prevent any disease. Watercress is a nutritionally potent plant rich in antioxidants and various phytonutrients including carotenoids, chlorophyll and phenolic compounds. Today, cress sprouts, rather than the leafier versions, are more frequently consumed as a favorite condiment in Britain and frequently available in most local markets. Moreover, foraging any wild species. Being a cruciferous vegetable from the Brassica family, cress may contain goitrogens which can interfere with normal thyroid hormone production when consumed in excess. ", PEITC has also proven effectiveness in some research for "inducing apoptosis in HER2-expressing tumor cells" for those with breast cancer. The stems of watercress are hollow which allow the plant to float above the water's surface. In some American states watercress is listed as a noxious and invasive weed species as it tends to take over waterways when the growing conditions are optimal. leaves, berries or mushrooms before you eat them. As a nutrient-rich wild food source, it has been utilized for its nutritious leafy stems as both a raw vegetable and steamed green. All of these produce a spicy taste due to the plants defense shield referred to as the glucosinolate-myrosinase system. Fresh watercress is used as a salad green and sandwich filling. Scientific research shows that the leaves of wild watercress are high in antioxidants, like chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments, as well as various phenolic substances. concentrations." Popularized in the United Kingdom for its peppery flavor similar to arugula, cress sprouts are a favorite food incorporated into cucumber sandwiches, salads and other side dishes. Watercress should be harvested early in the season, before or during its Once the roots develop, the watercress can be planted in a container. Historically speaking, watercress is the United Kingdom's famous wild salad green and long utilized herbal folk medicinal. Valued in the 19th century as a staple food source, referred to as "poor man's bread", it was eaten raw as a rolled green vegetable as well as consumed in sandwiches. It is often We have found the species to be most prolific in the early to mid-spring season with peak temperatures usually averaging below 75° F (24° C). This article was most recently revised and updated by, More potent wild watercress leaves and stems should not be consumed in high quantities or consumed as pure concentrated green juice. Common garden cress, or peppergrass… There are seven different plant species from the genus Nasturtium; the most well-known edible varieties are Nasturtium microphyllum and Nasturtium officinale (also labeled Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum). It is acknowledged as one of the oldest of the wild edible green species consumed by humans and, although once native to Europe and Asia, has now naturalized to many parts of the world conducive to its growth. Watercress is one of the richest sources of gluconasturtiin, a glucosinolate compound that upon chewing produces the substance known as phenethyl isothiocyante (PEITC). The name nasturtium in Latin translates as "twisted nose", which makes reference to the leaves effects on the sinus passages when consumed. The nutrient-packed veggie has been tasked with treating everything from bad breath to blood disorders (when Hippocrates founded the world’s first hospital in 400 B.C.E., he grew watercress … Plants can either be pinched back with your fingers or trimmed using clean, sharp shears. Always seek the advice of your health care practitioner before consuming if you have a serious medical illness or are taking prescription medications, especially chlorzoxazone. It is a common leafy vegetable found next to other greens in many produce stores around the world. Please consult the advice of a medical health professional before undertaking or experimenting with any new. results support the theory that consumption of watercress can be linked types of cancerous tumor growth. isothiocyanate, is found to exhibit the potential to suppress certain of composted organic matter down to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm. As an expectorant and diuretic, the leaves were traditionally used as patch of watercress, you can also pull out the roots as they can be (*), In 2015 published research in the International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology studying the effects on brain or spine tumor growth (glioma), it was concluded that "PEITC, served as a potential antitumor agent that can induce apoptosis through oxidative stress.". green color. It grows back fairly easily as long as the roots remain intact. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Forming into attractive dense mats or hedges, wild watercress produces dark green scalloped rounded and/or oblong leaves with tiny white flower blossom clusters that eventually develop into small seed pods.

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