types of pine trees in canada

The eastern white pine is a popular type of Christmas tree. Also called the foothill pine or digger pine, this medium-sized pine tree grows extra-large cones. Similar to the longleaf variety, these southern pines are an important species in the timber industry. These majestic pines grow to between 100 and 110 ft. (30 – 35 m) and they have wide trunks up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) in diameter. Bristlecone pine is a type of small pine tree. Virginia pine has short needles that are quite sharp. The 80-90 species occur in the Northern Hemisphere with 9 in Canada. The eastern white pine has pine leaves made up of clusters of 5 pine needles. Each bundle is called fascicle. It can be difficult to distinguish between the subspecies. This impressive tree also grows impressive cones and has the name the “big-cone pine tree.” In fact, the coulter pine produces the heaviest cones of any pine tree. This resinous conifer tree in the genus Pinus is a fast-growing pine that has wide, spreading foliage. These tall pine trees grow to 95 ft. (29 m) high. Pitch pines are small to medium-sized trees that reach modest heights of between 20 and 98 ft. (6 – 30 m). Pitch pine tree is identified by its twisted branches. These cones open to release seed or pollen and then fall off. Most pines are trees but some are shrubs. Longleaf pines are also classed together with shortleaf pine as they are both types of southern yellow pines. The Best Privacy Trees: List of Great Privacy Fence Trees (With Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Weeping Cherry Trees: Types and Care (Including Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees), How to Choose The Best Type of Natural Christmas Tree, Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide, Chart and Pictures, types of conifers such as fir trees, cedars, and spruces, 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Flowering Trees with Pictures for Easy Identification. Another identifying feature of pine trees is their egg-shaped cones that hang down from branches. Ponderosa pines are classified as a big tree species and grow up to 235 ft. (72 m) tall. Characteristics of the slash pine are long slender needles, glossy red-colored cones, and orange bark. Fungi and algae are excluded. The shortleaf pine is a type of yellow pine tree similar to the longleaf pine, only with shorter needle leaves. Pinyon Pine has short needles that grow in pairs, Also called the Colorado pinyon, this medium-sized bushy pine tree grows in hot or cold unforgiving climates. Shortleaf pines are distinguished from their longleaf cousins by their needles, bark, and cones. Monterey pine trees are a medium-dense type of softwood conifer. Most are either "soft" pines with 5 needles per shoot or "hard" pines with 2-3 per shoot. Cones measure between 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) in length. The Plant List Search this online database for information about one million plant species from around the world. Eastern white pines are a tall species and grow to up to 230 ft. (70 m). Being the tallest of the pine trees, the subgenus lambertiana grows up to 270 ft. (82 m). This makes the species an important tree in the timber industry. These pine trees from the Pinus echinata species grow to between 65 and 100 ft. (20 – 30 m). They are common in high altitudes in the cold Rocky Mountains and also grow in the hot Arizona desert. The needles on Virginia pines are not soft and are quite sharp to touch. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. White Spruce. These pines can also create pine hybrids with other species that are common in the southern states of the U.S. such as the longleaf pine and loblolly pine. Let’s look in more detail at some of the most common species of pine trees in the world. The Virginia pine is a medium-sized species of pine tree with short pine needles and large seed cones. Pine needles grow in clusters on the twigs while fir needles are softer and are attached singularly to the branch. The long needles of the pitch pine tree give its branches a somewhat spiky look. Each scale bears 2, usually winged, seeds, maturing the year after pollination. One of the distinguishing features of the pitch pine is its irregular shape and twisted branches. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Leaves are needle-like and are 1.5” (4 cm) long and have a bluish-green color. The lodgepole pine tree can grow as a short evergreen shrub or tall slender pine tree, depending on the subspecies. The wood from pinyon pines is also extremely strong despite it being classified as a “softwood.”. These tall pine trees have long slender needles. Jack pines are small evergreen trees with small cones. This pine species gets its common name from the sweet resin in the tree. The dark green foliage turns bright yellowish-green in the wintertime. It is estimated that there are over 126 species of pine trees in the world. Scots (Scotch) pine trees are stunning evergreen conifers that have thick scaly brown bark, bluish-green needles, and small red to tan cones. The red pine has reddish bark on the upper part of the tree. Cones are light brown and approximately 1” – 3” (3 – 7 cm) long. As its name suggests, the longleaf evergreen pine has long dark green needles. Their cones are long and slender growing to 6” (16 cm). Whitebark pine usually grows on high mountains and it has pale colored bark. Pinyon pines grow to between 33 and 66 ft. (10 – 20m) and they also grow as small shrub-like trees. Its long pine needles are light green in color and have white lines running their length. As well as their scientific name, descriptions of pines and pictures of pine trees will help you identify them.

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