In the last couple of years, heatwaves have been multiplying all over the world. States have been circulating warnings and tips and we all know to drink a lot of water, cool living spaces and help older individuals who are the ones most at risk.
We should also know how to spot the warning signs of dehydration such as weight loss, dryness of skin, fatigue and drowsiness. Heat stroke can occur suddenly on the first day, without being preceded by a severe dehydration. The symptoms are immediately severe with violent headaches, nausea, and neurological signs ranging from confusion to loss of consciousness or convulsions… The victim’s body temperature is high (over 39 °C) and their skin is hot to the touch.
What to do in cases of heat strokes
Emergency services should be immediately called after placing the person in the shade. While waiting for the ambulance, you should undress the victim, cool them with water and fan them by creating air flow close to their skin.
In addition: heat strokes can affect everyone, including babies (for example when confined in cars). It can also affect those who work in the sun or conduct significant physical activity (long walks, sports).